Vieste and the whole Gargano are witnesses of an ancient and fascinating history.
A few kilometers from Vieste rises the flint mine of Defensola, the oldest in Europe, dating back to seven thousand years ago, while in Rignano Garganico we find the Paglicci cave, with Paleolithic graffiti, one of the most important archaeological sites in Italy.
Even in Roman times the territory was inhabited, near the sanctuary of Santa Maria de Merino , the remains of Roman farm villas are still visible today. In the same area we also find the Paleochristian Necropolis La Salata, of great importance from an archaeological point of view, as well as the cave with the votive inscriptions to Venus Sosandra on theislet of the lighthouse of Vieste.
However, the signs of the medieval era are much more visible in the Gargano, in fact we find numerous villages with fascinating characteristic architecture such as those of Vieste, Peschici e Rhodes Garganico, towns built overhanging the sea in strategic places to defend themselves from the incursion of the numerous dangers that threatened the Gargano. In the historic center of Vieste there is still the "bitter chianca“, stone on which the fearsome Saracen pirate Draghut Rais slaughtered many local inhabitants. Other evidence of the ancient danger coming by sea are still present today coastal towers of sighting, which we find scattered on almost all the Gargano coast. To remain in the Viestano area, the Castello Svevo, cathedral and the convent of St. Francis tip, which are located within the ancient walls of the medieval village
Testimony of the Lombard era is instead Mount Sant'Angelo, milestone for knight i crusaders, which with its splendid sanctuary in the rock and its medieval districts has been included among the Unesco heritage sites. The entire Gargano is rich in history and traditions, too culinary e music, and it is not uncommon to come across cultural initiatives;.